Land Resources Gansu has rich land resources. Its total Land area is about 454,000 square kilometers, 2.3 hectares per capita. About 381 million mu (22.07 million hectares) of which is cultivated land, 14 million mu (0.93 million hectares) land has been used for construction and 287 million mu (19.13 million hectares) land remains untouched. Gansu is one of the five main pastoral areas in the whole country with 249 million mu (16.6 million hectares)of grasslands. The province has more mountainous area and less level ground. The mountainous and hilly areas consist of 78.2% of its total land area. The utilization ratio of land is about 56.93% and 42.05% hasn’t been used, which include desert, Gebi desert, stone mountains in high and cold areas, naked rock, saline and alkali low-lying land and marshland. Among the unused land 11.2615 million mu (0.7509 million hectares) are wasteland that can be developed.
Mineral Resources According to “National Mineral Reserves Journal ” published by the Ministry of Land and Resources of the People’s Republic of China, by the end of 2002, Gansu has 10 varieties of minerals taking the first place, 34 varieties are among the top five and 61 are among the top ten in the whole country.
Chinese Herb Resources Gansu is one of China’s main areas producing Chinese herbs with 9,500 kinds of crude drugs (including wild ones), ranking the second place in China. At present about 450 kinds of crude drugs have been under operation, such as Chinese angelica, Chinese rhubarb, Dangshen (Codonopsis pilosula), licorice root, the root of membranous milk vetch, safflower, the bulb of fritillary, the tuber elevated gastrodia, the bark of eucommia, glossy genoderma, notopterygium, Chinese caterpillar fungus and so on.. Especially the Chinese angelica produced in Minxian county and Dangshen produced in Wenxian county are well know both at home and abroad for the great quantity and good quality. According to statistics, there are about 1,080 kinds of animals, plants and minerals containing Chinese medicine, among which 951 kinds are medical plants, 87 are animals, 34 are minerals and 8 kinds are medicinal herbs. A lot of crude drugs have been introduced from other parts of the country, such as the dried rhizome of rehmannia, ginseng, the rhizome of Chinese gold thread, sweet potato, rhizome corydalis and Siberian fritillary bulb and the medicinal material cultivating area has been enlarged.
Water Resources Gansu totally has about 58.48 billion cubic meters of water resources and only 12.19 billion cubic meters have been used up to now, consisting of 20.8% of the total. The theoretical deposit of waterpower is about 17.24 million kilowatts. Presently the hydropower produced in the province takes the 4th place in the whole country.
Wildlife Resources There are about 822 kinds of wild animals existing in Gansu, of which 32 are amphibious animals, 63 are reptile, 572 are birds and 163 are mammals. They are distributed mainly over Wenxian, Wudu, Kangxian, Chenxian, Tianshui and Liangdang counties. The area of Rangshuihe and Danbao in Wenxian county has been listed as the NO.13 Nature Preservation Zone in the whole country, where world precious animals like giant panda, golden monkey, musk deer and lynx have been produced. Sika deer, red deer and musk deer have also been raised. 105 wild terrestrial vertebrates are under state protection, among which 30 kinds are under first-class protection, 75 are under second-class protection and 18 are under provincial protection.